2ND LEAD

Suspect War Criminal flees UK, escapes arrest

[TamilNet, Saturday, 04 December 2010, 03:43 GMT]
Suspect Sri Lankan war criminal, Major General Chagi Gallage, a member of Mahinda Rajapaksa's entourage to London, escaped arrest by his premature departure from Britain, British daily Guardian reported. "An application [for arrest warrant] was lodged at Horseferry Road magistrates court, central London, but inquiries by Scotland Yard established that he [Chagi Gallage] had left on Thursday night," the paper said. Tamil campaigners sought the arrest warrant claiming that the ex-General who was in-charge of 53 & 59 divisions committed war-crimes by intentionally shelling civilian hospitals while advancing towards Mullaiththeevu area.

"Gallage held command responsibility jointly or severally and therefore should have known that his subordinates were about to carry out the attack or had done so, and he did not take the necessary or reasonable steps to prevent the crimes or to punish the perpetrators," the warrant application alleged.

Chagi Gallage
Sri Lanka Army Commander Maj General Chagi Gallage
Tamil activists claimed that the attacks on hospitals is a violation of section 51 of the International Criminal Court Act (ICCA) which is an implementing regulation "to give effect to the Statute of the International Criminal Court; to provide for offences under the law of England and Wales and Northern Ireland corresponding to offences within the jurisdiction of that Court; and for connected purposes by virtue of section 70 of Coroners & Justice Act of 2009."

Specifically the attacks on hospitals are a violation of Article 8(2)(e)(ii) of the ICC's Rome Statute, namely “intentionally directing attacks against buildings, material, medical units and transport, and personnel using the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions in conformity with international law," the complaint asserted.

Sky News interview before
Puthukkudiyiruppu Hospital attack
While Sri Lanka has not ratified Rome Treaty, the UK's local implementation regulation provides jurisdiciton to UK courts to prosecute violators regardless of whether Sri lanka is a party to Rome treaty or not, legal sources said.

Tamil activists also handed a collection of evidence and reports from international human rights organizations including International Crisis Group, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International, and the US State Department Report together with the warrant application.

British citizens can apply for an arrest warrant under the Magistrates Court Act 1980, the pertinent sections of which are:
    1) On an information being laid before a justice of the peace that a person has, or is suspected of having, committed an offence, the justice may issue—
      (a)a summons directed to that person requiring him to appear before a magistrates' court to answer the information, or

      (b)a warrant to arrest that person and bring him before a magistrates' court.
    (3)No warrant shall be issued under this section unless the information is in writing

    (6)Where the offence charged is an indictable offence, a warrant under this section may be issued at any time notwithstanding that a summons has previously been issued.

    (7) A justice of the peace may issue a summons or warrant under this section upon an information being laid before him notwithstanding any enactment requiring the information to be laid before two or more justices.
Jan Jananayagam, the British-representative of US-based activist group, Tamils Against Genocide (TAG), said, "while we are disappointed in allowing the suspect criminal to escape, the legal activists will learn from this experience and will be better prepared next time a suspect Sri Lankan war criminal enters Britain."

SLA command complicit in Vanni massacre (Courtesy: Sunday Observer)
SLA command accused of committing war crimes during Mu'l'livaaykkaal massacre
(Photos: courtesy Sunday Observer)


Chronology:


External Links:
Guradian: No war crimes arrest warrant for Sri Lankan general
UKGov: Magistrates’ Courts Act 1980
UKGov: International Criminal Court Act 2001
ICC: Rome Statute of the ICC
UKGov: Coroners and Justice Act 2009
HR: Liberty’s evidence to the Joint Committee on Human Rights (UK)

 

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