Nailing genocidaires

[TamilNet, Saturday, 02 March 2013, 17:05 GMT]
When Sri Lanka is being hauled naked with alleged international crimes committed against its own Tamil citizens exposed to the rest of the world in the UN's Human Rights Council sessions in Geneva this week, two other stories of genocidaires nabbed and brought to justice in other parts of the world drew media headlines. Yvonne Basebya, 66, becomes first Dutch citizen to be convicted in Denmark for complicity in the Rwandan genocide, and the former Guatemalan president, José Efraín Ríos Montt, was ordered to stand trial in the Guatamalan national court for genocide and crimes against humanity carried out during his seventeen month dictatorship between 1982 and 1983.

Yvonne Basebya
Yvonne Basebya
The Hague district court sentenced Yvonne Basebya, 66, to six years and eight months in prison for her role, the maximum available prison term at the time of the crimes. The judges said they imposed the maximum sentence "in the realisation that this punishment does not do justice to the extremely serious nature of the proven criminal acts," The Guardian reported.

José Efraín Ríos Montt
José Efraín Ríos Montt
During Guatemala's thirty-six year conflict between 1960 and 1996, over 200,000 Guatemalans were killed and another 45,000 disappeared at the hands of the state's security forces. Over one-hundred thousand are believed to have perished during the scorched earth campaign carried out in the early 1980s when Rios Montt and, prior to him, Romeo Lucas García served as de facto heads of state.

The Guatamalan story is eerily similar to the alleged genocide in Sri Lanka, but unlike in Guatamala where the killings were spread out over many years, and the alleged defendant was in power for only 17 months, in Sri Lanka, the slaughter of nearly 80,000 Tamil civilians (Petrie report) under the command responsibility of Sri Lanka's president Rajapakse, took place inside five months under the glare of world's apathetic attention, Tamil activists noted.

On Monday, at Montt's trial, his lawyers presented 75 legal challenges to have the charges dismissed.His defence lawyer argued that Rios Montt was unaware of what was going on in the Ixil Triangle, was not really in control of what his subordinates were doing, could not be prosecuted because of an amnesty law, he was not physically there so he could not be responsible, and the killings took place in the heat of battle.

Following three days of testimony, the Judge ruled that there was sufficient evidence to try Rios Montt on charges of genocide and crimes against humanity for ordering fifteen massacres involving the killing of 1,771 indigenous Ixiles in the department of Quiché during his reign.

"On Monday, they moved one step closer to holding accountable those responsible for genocide and crimes against humanity," Mike Allison, professor in the Political Science department at the University of Scranton in Pennsylvania, said in his story to Al Jazeera.


Chronology:


Related Articles:
19.02.13   Channel 4 releases documentary evidence on SL war crime
19.01.13   India’s blunder on Eezham Tamils brings in domino effect in ..
05.01.13   Nepalese war criminal faces torture charges in UK
28.12.12   Takasu, Tamils' adversary in UN Security Council?
18.11.12   Politics of Genocide
03.11.12   Dublin tribunal takes up genocide investigation
09.10.12   Genocide needs investigation but separation contextually unw..
28.09.12   ‘Systemic rape of Tamil women is genocidal attack on psyche ..
08.09.12   Arnestad’s ‘Silenced Voices’ documentary gains momentum
30.08.12   Genocidal sex abuse of ex-LTTE female cadres becomes routine..
02.08.12   US Law allowing legal challenge to LTTE terror listing remai..
03.06.12   ICC a fraud, goes only after Africa's tin-pot dictators, say..
04.02.09   "Tamils under existential threat"
13.01.09   Humanitarian tragedy unfolds in Vanni


External Links:
Guardian: Rwandan-born Dutch woman jailed for inciting genocide
AlJazeera: Meet the first head of state to head to trial in the Americas for genocide

 

Latest 15 Reports
26.02.21 11:53   Photo
Tamils witness false dilemma in Geneva as geopolitical formations pit against each other
19.02.21 14:02   Photo
UK not prepared to push for ICC option in new UNHRC Resolution
07.02.21 23:16   Photo
Unprecedented P2P uprising paves the way for rights-oriented politics of Tamils and Muslims
22.01.21 08:01   Photo
Gotabaya sets up deceptive COI citing ‘sovereignty’ and ‘non-aligned’ foreign policy
18.01.21 23:44   Photo
Tamil activists resisted three sources of outside influence while drafting demands to UNHRC
16.01.21 11:03  
Tamil national parties demand UN to inquire into crime of genocide and set up IIIM
09.01.21 09:37   Photo
Demolition of Tamil genocide monument, fourth emblematic trauma since 1974: Rev Fr Sakthivel
08.01.21 23:51   Photo
Colombo destroys Mu'l'livaaykkaal memorial monument at Jaffna University
07.01.21 11:22   Photo
With emphasis on genocide, Suresh calls for ICC-referral, IIIM and referendum
07.01.21 00:04   Photo
Boyle prefers IIIM demand over ICC-referral, says specific reference to genocide essential
06.01.21 14:26  
Indian Minister of External Affairs Jaishankar trades off Tamils’ sovereign rights
05.01.21 07:08  
TNPF's reluctance, NGO-meddling pose challenges to formulating joint Tamil demands to UN: Shivaji
06.12.20 15:44   Photo
Colombo’s brutal suppression of Tamil Heroes’ Day counter-productive to stated objectives: Tamil MP
27.11.20 16:44   Photo
Occupied Tamil Eelam marks Heroes' Day indoors, SL military detains seminary principal
16.11.20 18:45  
China launches world’s biggest regional trade agreement without Indian participation
 
Find this article at:
http://www.tamilnet.com/art.html?catid=13&artid=36091