Feature Article
2ND LEAD (Adds details of Blake interview)

Holmes, UN's smokescreen to Mu'l'livaaykkaal killings?

[TamilNet, Wednesday, 19 December 2012, 02:16 GMT]
Public statements made by UN officials during media stakeouts and briefings, Wikileaks exposures, and the testimony of twelve UN field staff reported earlier in TamilNet provide a blue-print to the strategy adopted by the UN to allow Sri Lanka to defeat the Tigers, and to ignore the mounting numbers of civilian casualties. This feature catalogues the statements from UN's former humanitarian chief, John Holmes, as he attempts to provide diplomatic cover to the slaughter taking place in Mu'l'livaaykkaal, repeatedly relying on Colombo's assurances on not using heavy weapons, and hesitating to provide casualty figures, a conduct comport with the "internal" strategy revealed by the then President of the United Nations Security Council, Yukio Takasu, that gave primacy to the need to eliminate the “terrorist LTTE …which had broken several ceasefire agreements."

While the recent Petrie report accused the UN of "massive and system wide failure to prevent the slaughter of an estimated 40,000 ethnic Tamils in five short months," Holmes defended UN’s actions and criticized the report saying the UN faced "some very difficult dilemmas" at the time and could be criticized for the decisions it had taken, adding, "[b]ut the idea that if we behaved differently, the Sri Lankan government would have behaved differently I think is not one that is easy to reconcile with the reality at the time."

Yukio Takasu, President UN Security Council 2009
Yukio Takasu, President UN Security Council 2009
John Holmes, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
John Holmes, UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator
Takasu's February 20, 2009 media stakeout after a Security Council discussions (Click here, @12:20) reflects the mindset of the key UN policy makers for Sri Lanka action. Takasu says, inter-alia, "humanitarian situation is part of a bigger picture which involves political and security situation...the situation is complicated...many ceasefires were held which were broken by the LTTE...Ceasefire is considered favorable to the terrorist [LTTE] group...They use the humanitarian opportunity to promote military offensive...you can't just ask the Government [Sri Lanka] to stop...."

Viewed through this prism of alleged UN's internal policy to facilitate military defeat of the LTTE even at high cost of civilian lives, Holmes subsequent statements reflect a clear motive behind the UN's inaction during the five months following Takasu's comment.

The two high level UN officials, John Holmes and Vijay Nambiar, appeared to have shouldered the implementation of the UN strategy from New York, and country level managers, Neil Buhne and other UN operatives Philippe Duamelle, Amin Awad and Andy Brooks provided the institutional cover to facilitate the civilian massacre and large scale starvation.

John Holmes appeared on five occasions to brief UN press during the last four months of the war, from February to May 2009. Innercity Press (ICP) and a few journalists have continued to raise troubling questions on civilian casualties and the inaction of the UN.

Holmes refuses to provide any estimate of the casualty figures even though ICP leaked a UN internal document in March-2009 of more than 2800 deaths due to shelling by Sri Lanka military.

In an attempt to highlight the evasive answers from Holmes on why UN has not been able to provide casualty figures, a French journalist in April 29th briefing 2009, questions Holmes on why the UN has not at least provided a “soft-figure” on civilian deaths so that international opinion could be mobilized UN-Holmes. Holmes declines to answer.

UN's Petrie report on UN's inaction during the last stages of the war, documents Holmes and Nambiar jointly pressuring Navi Pillay of UNHCR to desist from publishing estimated casualty figures that would put UN in to a “difficult terrain."

Regarding the number of civilians who remained in the LTTE controlled territory, the estimates provided by Holmes were 70k (by GoSL), 200k (by UN), and more than 300k (by Tamil sources). In Wikileaks (Colombo Cable Jan-09-2009) then-Ambassador Blake quotes 300k civilians trapped behind LTTE lines, and confirms the GoSL’s intention to use food as an incentive to extract people out of LTTE area.

Note, also the impact of the refugee numbers from International community, led by Ambassador Blake, where Blake, in coordination with the Indians, by February had lowered the IDP figure to just around 75,000 in a press interview with an Indian journalist. This was the figure adopted by the GoSL and also quoted by the Indian Foreign Minister Mukerjee in the Indian Parliament.

In addition the UNITAR satellite based analysis of human concentration in the Mu'l'livaaykkaal area implied much larger civilian population than GoSL figures. Despite no concrete pressure was brought on GoSL by UN to help deliver commensurate quantity of food and medicine.

Several UN field staff subsequently resigned from UN in protest to UN inaction. Here the UN, under the leadership of Holmes (OCHA), was accused by UN's own staffers as an ineffective spectator to widespread starvation and failed to pressure the Tamil population in the LTTE controlled area. The staffers also criticized UN conveys delivering cricket bats and chalk boards to the starving civilians.

Another sinister motive in down playing the population figure is related to the pending large scale massacre of the civilians in Mullivaikal.

In all press briefing Holmes provides benefit of doubt to the GoSL, and attributes responsibility to LTTE for keeping civilians against their will, commented a Tamil activist who reviewed the briefings by Holmes.

Noting that Tamil civilians who came out of the Mu'l'livaaykkaal area were brought to the “internment camps” but Tamil civilians who lived outside the “trapped” area were also rounded up by the military and brought to the camps, a journalist inquires about potential war-crime because of the ethnicity-based round up. John Holmes says he was not aware of any large scale round up as such, but then continues to justify why it is acceptable because the whole region was a conflict zone.

"When an institution, whose mandate is humanitarian work and which is trusted to protect civilians, exhibits reckless disregard to human life and deceptively facilitates political goals of a failing state like Sri Lanka which has a mono-ethnic military, then complicit officials need to be identified and reprimanded," a Tamil activist commented.

Holmes UN briefings on Sri Lanka, IDPs and War

Date of Briefing at UN

Video Link

[Start Time] Key Point made


UN-Takasu Feb- 20-2009 Video

[12:20]The 2009 President of the UN Security Council, and the Japanese Ambassador to the UN, Yukio Takasu, reveals behind-the scene thinking of member countries of UN Security Council on Sri Lanka.
- Sri Lanka situation is not "just" a humanitarian issue, but involves politics and security
- LTTE is a terrorist organization that has broken several CeaseFire agreements
- LTTE is well organized, and uses CeaseFires to advance its military strategy
- LTTE uses civilians as "human shields"


UN-Holmes Feb 27 2009 Video

[0:30] Concerned about civilian safety in conflict zone and freedom of movement in camps.
[3:20] Civilians in the conflict zone is estimated to be 70k (GoSL), 200k (UN) and 300k (Tamil sources).
[4:30] Government assured no use of heavy weapons, but he could not verify it.
[8:50] Political solution should follow once the fighting stops and he does not mind how it stops.


UN-Holmes March 26 2009 Video

[0:25] Concerned of civilians not allowed to leave by the LTTE and of forced recruitment by the LTTE.
[0:45] Calling GoSL to avoid civilian casualty, not to use heavy weapons and respect international law.
[2:20] Question by ICP on OCHA figures on civilian deaths-2682. Holmes appears irritated at the question.


UN-Holmes April 15 2009 Video

[2:50] Says human shield should not be used by the LTTE.
[5:10] Calling GoSL to live up to the promise of not using heavy weapons.
[7:50] Warns GoSL against final offensive that would cause blood bath on the beach.
[14:00] Journalist probe Holmes on evidence that people being kept against their will by the LTTE.
[21:50] UN has no access to initial screening points like Killinochchi. Gov. solders bring people to transit camp at Omanthai. But says UN has no evidence of disappearances.


UN-Holmes April 29 2009 Video

[7:30] Following the armed conflict an equitable political solution for Tamils must be found so that the problem does not reoccur.
[9:00] A UN-French journalist quizzes Holmes on screening process and disappearances.
[13:00] Inner city press (ICP) raises the role of Vijay Nambiar in sending a humanitarian mission to CSZ and UNITAR role in retracting satellite evidence.
[21:00] UN Journalist raises the specter of setting a precedent in GoSL successfully denying access to journalist and NGOs to the conflict zone.
[24:40] UN-French journalist is puzzled why UN is not publishing “soft’ casualty figures so that international attention can be mobilized.


UN-Holmes May 26 2009 Video

[17:40] Question from a journalist: People who were outside conflict zone were rounded up and brought to the camp. Is there accountability and war crime investigation under consideration? Holmes was not aware of any round up by military, but added that whole area was a conflict zone and and under LTTE control (i.e., rounding up Tamils outside the conflict zone is acceptable)
[23:00] UN is giving GoSL benefit of the doubt (to meet international law) to deal with people in camps .
[28:00] Regarding unimpeded access to camps Holmes defends GoSL.

Source: UN video archives, Wikileaks, ICP Reports

Related Articles:
05.10.12   Creating historical fiction on Mu'l'livaaykkaal massacre

External Links:
ICP: Back from Sri Lanka, UN's Holmes Admits NGO Killings and Restrictions Not Raised
UN: Interview with John Holmes, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and UN Emergency Relief Coordinator
ICP: As Sri Lankan Army Toured UN's Holmes, Questions Left Unanswered
ICP: On Sri Lanka, Holmes Claims UN Did What It Could, Withheld Death Figures
Time: Why Sri Lanka Remains Defiant Against New Allegations of War Crimes
ICP: With UN's Holmes in Sri Lanka, Government Supported, Staff Scared, Deaths Uncommented On
BBC: UN 'failed Sri Lanka civilians', says internal probe
UN: Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes, on Recent Trip to Sri Lanka
ICP: On Sri Lanka, UN's Holmes Speaks of Gov't Shelling, Casualties, 2 Sides' Propaganda
ICP: As Sri Lanka Announces UN Holmes To Visit, Is UN's Silence the Silent Deal?
ICP: On Sri Lanka, Holmes Opposed Citing War Crimes, UNredacted by ICP
UN: Sri Lanka: top UN official welcomes recent releases of displaced from camps
Reuters: UN failed gravely in Sri Lanka - internal review panel



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