Know the Etymology: 138
Place Name of the Day: Monday, 27 November 2017

Nīr-noccit-tāḻvu, Tāḻvu-pāṭu, Āṇṭit-tāḻvu, Ūr-uḍayan-daḷuva

நீர்நொச்சித்தாழ்வு, தாழ்வுபாடு, ஆண்டித்தாழ்வு, ஊர்-உட₃யன்-த₃ளுவ
Nīr-noccit-tāḻvu, Tāḻvu-pāṭu, Āṇṭit-tāḻvu, Ūr-uḍayan-daḷuva


The low-lying land of Nīr-nocci trees

The low-lying seashore or shoal for Beach Seine Fishing

The abode or quarters of the religious mendicant or the community of religious mendicants

The quarters of the lord of the village

Tāḻvu1 low-lying land (Eezham Tamil place names); depth as of a pit, foot as of a mountain (Tamil, MTL, DED 3178); Tāḻvu, Tāḻ-nilam: = "Paḷḷam": low land, depth, ditch (Tamil, Tivākaram, 5: 221; Piṅkalam, 4: 41; inscription, 1050 CE, SII, iv, 413); Tāḻcci: depth (Tamil, MTL); Tāḻppam: depth as of water (Tamil, MTL cites Jaffna diction); Tāḻ: (verb) to fall low, be low, descend, deep, sink in water (Tamil, DED 3178); cognates in 13 Dravidian languages including Brahui
Tāḻvu2 resting place, abode (Tamil, MTL, DED 3178, Pēyaḻvār, 62); Tāḻ: (verb) to stay, rest, halt, hang down (Tamil, DED 3178)
Taḷuva Sinhalicised form of Tāḻvu in Puttalam district place names (Puttalam One-Inch Sheet)
Daḷuva Sinhalicised form of Tāḻvu in Puttalam district place names (Official list of place names);
Nīrnocci a kind of Nocci, Water peacock's-foot tree, Vitex leucoxylon (Tamil, MTL). See column 1 
Pāṭu a seashore or area of sea for Beach Seine Fishing (Tamil, see column 102)
Āṇṭi religious mendicant (Tamil, see column 20)
Ūruḍayan from Ūr-uṭaiyāṉ: village chief, lord of the village (Tamil, see columns 30 and 50

The component Tāḻvu has two shades of toponymic meanings in Tamil. It means a low-lying land and it also means an abode or a place to stay.

In Puttalam district place names, Taḷuva and Daḷuva seems to be Sinhalicised forms of Tāḻvu.

* * *

Tāḻvu as low-lying land:

"…தாழ்வே…பள்ளம்" (திவாகரம், 5: 221)

"…Tāḻvē…paḷḷam" (Tivākaram, 5: 221)

Tāḻvu means Paḷḷam

"…பள்ளம்…தாழ் நிலமே" (பிங்கலம், 4: 41)

"…Paḷḷam…tāḻ nilamē" (Piṅkalam, 4: 41)

Paḷḷam means Tāḻ-nilam

* * *

Tāḻvu as residence or abode:

"தன் குடங்கை நீர் ஏற்றான் தாழ்வு" (பேயாழ்வார், 62)

"Taṉ kuṭaṅkai nīr ēṟṟāṉ tāḻvu" (Pēyāḻvār, 62)

The abode or residence of Viṣṇu (who as Vāmaṉa had received grant-water in his cupped palm)

* * *

Nīr-noccit-tāḻvu is a locality in Ariyālai in Nallur division of Jaffna district (K. Almanac, 2016-17, p. 106).

Tāḻvu-pāṭu is a place in Mannar Town division of Mannar district.

Āṇṭit-tāḻvu is a locality in Puttūr in Valikamam East division of Jaffna district (Balasundaram, p. 229).

Ūr-uḍayaṉ-daḷuva is a place in Chilaw division of Puttalam district.

* * *

Some related place names:

Tāḻvu 1:

Kallan-tāḻvu: Karainagar, Jaffna

Paṇṭit-tāḻvu: Karainagar, Jaffna

Nāka-tāḻvu: Mannar Town, Mannar; Manthai West, Mannar. Nāka: probably Nāka-tāḷi: common prickly pear, Opuntia spinesissima (Tamil, MTL)

Pālait-tāḻvu: Mannar Town, Mannar; Madu, Mannar

Puṅkan-tāḻvu: Mannar Town, Mannar; Nanaddan, Mannar

Aṭampaṉ-tāḻvu: Manthai West, Mannar

Olli-vaṭṭait-tāḻvu: Manthai West, Mannar

Icaimālait-tāḻvu: Nanaddan, Mannar

Kañcit-tāḻvu: Nanaddan, Mannar. Kañci: probably related to Kañcaṉ, Kañcāṅ-kōrai: plants of the kinds of basil (Tamil, MTL)

Kīriyaṭit-tāḻvu: Nanaddan, Mannar. Kīri+aṭi-tāḻvu

Karuṅkālit-tāḻvu: Musali, Mannar

* * *

Tāḻvu 2: (probably meaning residential quarters)

Añcaṇat-tāḻvu: Vaṇṇārpaṇṇai, Jaffna City, Jaffna. Añcaṇam: probably related to Muslims or to a Muslim trade guild; from Añcuvaṇṇam: a trade guild of Arab or West Asian connections whose presence in South India and in Ilaṅkai is noted in inscriptions dating from 9th century CE to 13th century CE (Tamil, inscription, 849 CE, TAS, ii, p. 67-68; for its presence in Mātōṭṭam in Mannar, 1090 CE, SII, x, 652); from Hañjamana/ Añjuman: chamber of commerce, trading body, trade guild (Persian/ Arabic; Subbarayalu, 2012, p. 183; Indrapala, 2006, p. 325-326);

Pāṇṭiyan-tāḻvu: (V. Almanac, 2013-14, p. 97)

Mantiriyāṉ-tāḻvu: Puttūr, Valikamam, East, Jaffna (Balasundaram, p. 229). Mantiri: minister

Cimiyan-tāḻvu: Allārai, Thenmaradchi, Jaffna (K. Almanac, 2016-17, p. 92). Cimiyaṉ: probably a variation of Civiyaṉ: palanquin bearer

* * *


Taḷuva: Kaṟpiṭṭi, Puttalam (Kalpitiya OIS); entered as Daḷuva in official lists

Uppu-taḷuva: Kaṟpiṭṭi, Puttalam (Kalpiṭiya OIS)

* * *

Daḷuva/ Daluva:

Oḷi-daḷuva: Chilaw, Puttalam. Olī: the caste of tom-tom beaters and dancers (Sinhala, Clough); 2. Oli: washing clothes (Tamil, MTL)

Mukkan-daḷuva: Arachchikkattuwa, Puttalam. Mukkaṉ: Mukkuvaṉ: the community of pearl or conch-shell divers

Rājaka-daḷuva: Arachchikkattuva. Puttalam. Rajaka: washerman (Sinhala, Clough)

Kamman-daluva: Pallama, Puttalam. Kammaṉ: probably Kammāṉ: metal worker

Nallan-daḷuva: Munthal, Puttalam

Daḷuvē-gama: Mahakumbukkadawala, Puttalam

* * *

Revised: Monday, 27 November 2017, 18:30

First published: Tuesday, 06 October 2009, 12:10

Previous columns:


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